When to Fertilize Bermuda grass in Texas
Fertilization helps Bermuda grass strengthen it’s roots and become that perfect lawn with pretty green grass. Read on to learn when to fertilize Bermuda grass in Texas.
First of all, we want to say that when you start getting into the types of fertilizers to use, it can get really scientific and confusing for some people. For example, check out this article on applying types of fertilizers. If you ever have any questions, we are here to help. You can reach out by phone or email to know more specifics about fertilizing.
The first application for Bermuda grass should be done in February or March with a Pre-Emergent fertilizer. The second fertilization should start around April or May. How often you fertilize depends on the type of fertilizer you use. Some have a longer residual than others, requiring less applications per year.
During the summer is when you should do the post-emergent fertilizer applications which end around mid-September and should not go beyond September. There are some hybrid of Bermuda grass that need special care and should be fertilized more frequently compared to others. Add another treatment of Pre-Emergent fertilizer in the fall season around September-October.
The most used types of fertilizers for Bermuda grass are nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus fertilizers. Organic fertilizers include soybean and cottonseed meal which have high nitrogen levels. Synthetic organic fertilizers are cornmeal and urea. Urea has small amounts of nitrogen which are easy to release.
General Fertilization Times:
- February-March: Fertilizer with Pre-Emergent
- March-April: Fertilizer with Pre-Emergent
- May: Fertilizer with Post-Emergent
- June: Prebiotic Fertilizer with Grub Treatment
- July: Fertilizer with Post-Emergent
- September: Probiotic Treatment Fertilizer
- October: Fertilizer with Pre-Emergent
These examples are only meant to give you a general idea of when to fertilize Bermuda grass and the types of fertilizer to use. You may find that different types are needed, depending on your situation. For example, if you don’t have any weeds at all, then the Post-Emergent wouldn’t be needed.
Let us take an in-depth assessment as to the exact times that Bermuda grass can be fertilized in Texas, with the fertilizer types.
February through May: Apply it after the leaves have turned green which should be in a few weeks time. The measurement should be ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen (N) per 1000 square feet. Test the soil to know the amount of nutrient and the amount of lime to add. If soil samples are not available, go for the full amount of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium (N-P-K) turf fertilizer with a ratio of 4-1-2 and a good example is the 16-4-8. Lime can be added if need be. If you want to know the amount needed to use 1 pound of nitrogen in every 1000 square feet, you need to divide 100 by the first number that appears in the fertilizer ratio. For instance, if the fertilizer is 16-4-8, simply divide 100 by 16 and the result is 6.25 pounds of fertilizer in every 1000 square feet.
June through August: Apply ½ to 1 pound of N in every 1000 square feet at least every 4 to 8 weeks.
September through November: If there are low levels of potassium (K) and it is September, apply 1 pound of potassium (K20) per 1000 square feet. Use muriate of potash (0-0-60), potassium sulphate (0-0-50) or Sul-Po Mag (0-0-22).
December through February: Never fertilize any Bermuda grass that has not yet been over-seeded. Apply ½ pound of nitrogen in every 1000 square feet in the months of December and January only to over-seeded Bermuda grass.
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